_LANG_CLI_LOGO_NAME_LBL The 'NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria - NEW HORIZONS

Celebrating the Earth Day - 22nd April

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04/19/2021
Earth’s successful recovery depends on each of us not only because we all care for nature, but because Earth is our only home. We all need a healthy environment for our life, health and not the least – our happiness.

Every year over 1 billion people from 192 countries across the world get involved in the initiative for celebrating the Earth Day. This year the theme of the world initiative is Restore Our Earth. The idea is to pay attention to the natural processes in nature, to develop green technologies and innovative ways of thinking which could help restore natural ecosystems. This year’s theme rejects the idea that the mitigation of our influence or our adaptation towards changes is the only way for coping with the changes we are witnessing.
Let’s get familiar with the benefits which people receive from nature, called ecosystem services which are the following:

Freshwater ecosystem services
Freshwater systems involve stagnant and running water bodies (rivers, streams, dams, lakes and other wetlands), are extremely important and play a role in maintaining healthy ecosystems around the world. All organisms depend on them for finding food, as an environment for development and living, and we people use them for cultural and economic activities.
The cycle of nutrients is one of the services that have a huge effect on habitats. Freshwater ecosystems are crucial for the movement of water, energy and nutrients in different habitats and are the link between different ecosystems.
Protection from floods is another service that the freshwater ecosystems provide us.
In addition, coastal vegetation like trees and grass stabilize the shores and prevent erosion. During floods the vegetation captures the rain water , reducing the amount of water entering the water reservoirs.
All of these functions depend on the condition of the water bodies, which means that we must ensure their protection.

Forest ecosystem services
Forests are essential for life on Earth, providing us with a variety of ecosystem services. About 30% of the land area of the planet – from the tropics to the tundra, is covered with forests and is home to nearly 80% of Earth’s species – from the kingdom of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms. In addition, forests provide food, fuel, clear air, drinkable water; they reduce floods and prevent soil erosion, providing places for recreation as well as educational and economic benefits. After oceans, forests are the biggest carbon dioxide absorber on Earth.

In general, ecosystem services can be divided into:

♦ Support services –services that create the conditions necessary for providing all other ecosystem services, for example photosynthesis or soil formation.
♦ Material services – all products originating from the ecosystems, for instance food, fiber, fuels, herbs and medicinal plants, drinkable water.
♦ Regulatory services – the ecosystems‘ ability to regulate important natural processes, for example climate regulation, water quality and quantity and etc.
♦ Cultural services – non-material benefits from ecosystems, for instance the aesthetic and recreational value of the landscape.

Nowadays, through our activities, we often exploit the natural resources, affecting the ability of ecosystems to provide us with their benefits.

Follow our Facebook page with tags #RestoreOurEarth and #Natura2000NewHorizons, and get acquainted with interesting information related to nature, threats and how you can become part of its protection.

Every day we share with you interesting facts, and on 22nd April – the Earth Day, you may check your knowledge with a short online quiz.

One of you will be chosen at random and will win our Album for NATURA 2000!

The information campaign for the Earth Day is implemented within:
Donations
Green Balkans
Darik
Dnevnik
Hobby Tv
Life
Natura 2000